Virtual Meetup - A reversed perspective on writing programs and designing programming languages

Hi Community,

I am happy to announce that this Thursday (the 27th of January), Andrzej Blikle will hold the discussion about “A reversed perspective on writing programs and designing programming languages”.

Also, remember that we changed the link to join the Meetup!

It is a well-known fact that users of software applications have to accept disclaimers, like, e.g.:

There is no warranty for the program to the extent permitted by applicable law. Except when otherwise stated in writing, the copyright holders and/or other parties provide the program “as is” without warranty of any kind….

In the author’s opinion, this situation results from a lack of mathematical tools that would allow programmers to take responsibility for their programs. This problem has two sources:

  • Programming languages do not have mathematical semantics since in building them, we first define their syntaxes and only later — if at all — their semantics. Additionally, semantics are usually reduced to describing a compiler’s behaviour.
  • We first write a program and then test it or (rarely) prove its correctness. Has anybody seen an engineer who first builds a bridge and only later performs all necessary calculations?

In our approach, we reverse both these orders:

  • In designing a language, we first describe the meanings of programs, called denotations, and derive their syntaxes later. This method guarantees that we get the semantics of the language as a byproduct of its design process.
  • Once we are given a language with mathematical semantics, we can build program construction rules that guarantee program correctness.

A current state-of-the-art of the project is the following:

  • A book in statu nascendi A Denotational Engineering of Programming Languages is available on: The book. The method is illustrated by showing a development of a language Lingua (this name has been chosen to commemorate the author’s research stay in 1969 in Pisa, Italy).
  • The project’s main ideas were subject to two courses offered in 2019-2021 at the Department of Mathematics, Informatics, and Mechanics of Warsaw University.
  • Students of one of these courses have developed a simple interpreter of Lingua.

Andrzej Blikle is a Professor (Ph.D. and Dr. Sci.) in mathematics and computer science at the Polish Academy of Science. In the years 1962-1990, he was involved in research and teaching at the universities in Warsaw (Poland), Waterloo (Canada), Berkeley (USA), Lyngby and Copenhagen (Denmark), Linköping (Sweden). More than 100 scientific seminars were given in almost all European countries, the USA, Canada, and Japan. Founding member, past president, and today an honorary member of The Polish Information Processing Society, and a member of Academia Europaea .

In 1990-2010 president of the board and CEO of A.Blikle Ltd., a family company established in 1869. In that time, the company grew from one shop in Warsaw to 23 shops in Warsaw and larger cities of Poland.

Since 2008 Andrzej Blikle has run his one-person consultancy firm specializing in teaching and implementing Total Quality Management and recently Teal Selforganization in companies and institutions. He also teaches several MBA, Executive MBA, and DBA (Doctor of Business Administration) postgraduate courses.

Since 2018 Andrzej Blikle has been back in research, launching a project Denotational Engineering of Programming Languages described and documented on his site: English version.

Registration for the Virtual Meetup

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting. It will also permit you to add it to your calendar.


It is hosted on Zoom at 6 PM GMT+1/CEST (you can use this link to figure out which time is in your timezone: Dateful Time Zone Converter).

Event hint

I am also happy to extend the invitation to the MDENet Annual Symposium online on the 26th and 27th of January 2022. The event is free to attend so reserve your place here. There will be tutorials, challenge talks, informal networking sessions, roundtables and ample opportunity to mix with other like-minded people from the MDE world. Also, there will be a wide range of sessions including keynote speakers: Tony Clark, Aston University; Balbir Barn, Middlesex University or Mohammadreza Mousavi, King’s College.


P.S. We get a recurring question: “Are presentations recorded?”. The answer is not, and the reasons are explained here On recording Virtual Meetups - #7 by voelter

Hi Community,
Here you can find the presentation slides:
A. Blikle - An invitation to a project 2022 01 27.pdf (555.8 KB)